Three recent published papers that we have worked on incorporate personality in understanding economic behaviour (here here and here ) and a number of working papers are currently in review (e.g. here and here )
In general, this is an area that is attracting substantial interest and it will be very interesting to see it develop in the next ten years. Below are some papers that are essential reading on the topic:
Almlund, Mathilde & Duckworth, Angela Lee & Heckman, James J. & Kautz, Tim, 2011. "Personality Psychology and Economics," IZA Discussion Papers 5500, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
Borghans, Lex & Golsteyn, Bart & Heckman, James J. & Humphries, John Eric, 2011. "Identification Problems in Personality Psychology," IZA Discussion Papers 5605, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
James J. Heckman, 2011. "Integrating Personality Psychology into Economics," NBER Working Papers 17378, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
Lex Borghans & Angela Lee Duckworth & James J. Heckman & Bas ter Weel, 2008. "The Economics and Psychology of Personality Traits," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 43(4).
IZA PaperL: 6470 The Relationship Between Economic Preferences and Psychological Personality Measures
by Becker, Anke & Deckers, Thomas & Dohmen, Thomas & Falk, Armin & Kosse, Fabian
Toward the Integration of Personality Theory and Decision Theory in the Explanation of Economic Behavior
Jon Anderson,a Stephen Burks,b Colin DeYoung,c and Aldo Rustichinid,e
Version 1.2 (Preliminary).