Thursday, July 26, 2012

CSO document on Irish labour market 1981-2011

The newly released CSO  document on the lrish labour market contains a wealth of information on the Irish labour market from 1981 to the last census in April 2011. It confirms a picture of a labour market that grew massively over the period to 2008 and has seen a dramatic increase in unemployment due to the bursting of a property bubble. This has hit young people disproportionately and has had larger effects on males as well as displaying a marked regional concentration.

Some of the key findings are below. These are for April 2011 and should be read in conjunction with the latest QNHS figures if you are using them for a real-time analysis.

"Among the labour force, the numbers of those at work declined in the 5 years by over 6 per cent to 1,807,369 while the number of people looking for their first job rose by over 16 per cent to 34,166. The number of people who were unemployed increased significantly from 150,084 to 390,677. When combined with people looking for their first job the total number of people who were out of work stood at 424,843 in April 2011."

"As seen earlier in this report, unemployment among young people aged 15-24 was 39 per cent, considerably higher than the overall average of 19 per cent but again this varied considerably by social class. Among the professional social class, 16 per cent were unemployed in April 2011. For those in the managerial and technical class this was slightly higher at 20 per cent. In contrast, 36 per cent of younger skilled manual workers and 40 per cent of young unskilled workers were jobless. In the largest social class category, non-manual, there were 10,729 young people out of work, giving an unemployment rate of 22 per cent."

"The number of people working in the ‘learned professions’ has changed markedly in the 4 censuses since 1996. In 1996 there were over 6,500 people working as members of the clergy (including priests and nuns). By 2011 this had almost halved to 3,589. In contrast, the number of people working as medical practitioners increased by over 5,000 from 7,033 in 1996 to 12,103 in the most recent census. The strongest growth however came among barristers and solicitors. The number at work almost doubled between 1996 and 2011 from 6,096 to 12,103."

"As previously reported, the numbers at work in the construction sector declined by 125,000 or 58 per cent between 2006 and 2011. The graph on the left presents the numbers at work by occupation within the sector for 2006 and 2011. The decline in the number of people at work was particularly pronounced in manual skilled and unskilled occupations. The number of carpenters and joiners at work fell by over 18,000 or 64 per cent, while there were over 9,100 fewer plasterers, a 77 per cent fall in employment. The biggest fall in numbers at work was among labourers, whose number collapsed by 80 per cent, representing over 21,000 workers."

"In contrast, there were 36,000 more people at work in the education sector in 2011 compared with 2006, representing a rise of 28 per cent. As with the construction sector, there were varying rates of growth for different occupation groups within the sector. In absolute terms the strongest growth in the sector was among primary and nursery school teachers where the number at work increased by 9,115 to just under 40,000. The next fastest growing occupation was childminders and nursery nurses in crèches (coded to education in Nace Rev 1) with an increase of 6,529 persons at work, up 232 per cent. There were 5,526 additional educational assistants in 2011 compared with 2006, representing 75 per cent growth over the five years. The number of secretaries and other assistants grew by 2,247 to 3,810. Among the other big occupations in the sector, there were 2,178 more secondary teachers bringing the total to 31,829. The number of third level teaching staff climbed by 1,898 to 12,729. A number of support occupations in the sector declined. The number of caretakers working in Education fell by 260 to 2,379."

"Limerick city and Donegal had the highest levels of youth unemployment with rates of 50 and 49 per cent respectively, in effect half of all young people in the labour force. The rate for Wexford was just behind at 47 per cent. The lowest rate was 27 per cent in Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown. Fingal, Cork county and Galway city were also at the lower end of the youth unemployment spectrum."

"As with the general population, unemployment among women was lower than for men across almost all socioeconomic groups. This was most pronounced for unskilled workers. While more than four in ten unskilled male workers were unemployed, only 18 per cent of female unskilled workers were jobless. Most unskilled females were cleaners and domestic workers and were less affected by unemployment than males who were more prominent in the construction industry."

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